Glossary of Computer terms
|If there is a computer term that you don't know or don't understand, email me at and I will put that definition up on this page. As I get time to goes by hopefully I find time to get many useful definitions up.|
|AGP - Accelerated Graphics Port (strictly for video
ATA - Advanced Technology Attachment
BIOS - Basic Input / Output System (on bootup you can access it usually with the "del" key or F10 key)
CACHE - A special high-speed storage mechanism. It can be either a reserved section of main memory or an independent high-speed storage device. Two types of caching are commonly used in personal computers: memory caching and disk caching.
COLD BOOT - The reboot of a computer by electrical switch. (actually shutting off the power).
CPU - Central Processing Unit (main processor for your system)
DIMM - Dual Inline Memory Module.
ECC Error - Correcting Code memory, a type of memory that includes special circuitry for testing the accuracy of data as it passes in and out of memory.
FC - Flip Chip.
FCPGA - Flip Chip Pin Grid Array. Intel named it the "flip chip" because because the chip is upside down on the socket compared to earlier chips.
FSB - Front Side Bus.
FPS (not the games) Floating Point Scheduler.
FPS (the games) Frames per second.
FPS (also the Games) - First Person Shooter.
FPU - Floating Point Unit a specially designed chip that performs floating-point calculations. Computers equipped with an FPU perform certain types of applications much faster than computers that lack one. In particular, graphics applications are faster with an FPU.
GHZ Gigahertz = 1000 Megahertz.
GPU - Graphical Processing Unit (processor on your video card)
HD or HDD - Hard Drive or Hard Disk Drive
HSF - Heat Sink & Fan.
ISA - Industry Standard Architechture (old school and runs at 1/2 the speed of PCI).
LNK = Lovely New Kit - New hardware that enhances a user's computer, life and brag factor!
MHZ - MegaHertz.
MOBO - Motherboard.
MTBF = Mean Time Before Failure - The average time (in hours usually) you can expect a hard-disk/Cd-Rom drive to work before it dies.
OEM - Original Equipment Manufacturer destined - a chip or component is OEM when it doesn't come in fancy retail packaging and is usually in a white box. Usually cheaper as a consequence. These articles aren't meant for retail sale - but they end up there.
OS - Operating System.
PARITY - Comparing data for odd or even numbers. Used for error correction.
PCI - Peripheral Component Interface.
PSU or PS - Power Supply Unit.
PS2 - Not a Playstation2 - but relates to a range of IBM PCs form the early nineties that used their own kind of connectors instead of AT type connectors for keyboards and serial connectors for mice.
PPGA - Plastic Pin Grid Array.
RAID - Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks (system to use several disk to secure against data loss and speed data access).
Retail - This is the fancy box and full mfg warranty. Intel chips have a 3 year warranty where OEM is anywhere form a week to a year.
SCSI - Small Computer System Interface. Much faster and more expensive. Replaces IDE but usually is only commercially used.
SIMM - Single Inline Memory Module.
Soft Boot - To force a reboot of the computer by software command - this may be by Ctrl+Alt+Del or by a command or simply Start....Shutdown....Restart. Rebooting w/o actually shutting down power to the system.
Socket 370 - The Intel socket that originated as home for the Celeron PGA and is now home for coppermine celerons and P3's. Will soon become home to Tualatin.
Socket A - The socket of the Duron, Thunderbird and soon the Morgan, Palamino and Mustang.
Slocket - An adapter to enable the use of socket 370 PPGA or FCPGA chips in a slot 1 motherboard environment.
Slot 1 - A 242pin slot adapter for Celerons, Pentium 2's and 3's.
Socket 7 - A 321 pin socket that formed the home of chips form Pentium classics, Cyrix UDMA - Ultra Direct Memory Access 6x86 chips, Winchips and AMD K6 series chips. Now obsoleted officially.
Vcore - Core Voltage of the CPU.
USB - Universal Serial Bus.
Computer News & Stuff
Here are some computer-related links I recommend for buying hardware, tutorials, etc...
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Here are the top 5 stories currently on Digg.com